Feeding and Swallowing Development

Feeding and Swallowing Development

  • Feeding is a reflexive activity, and should be effortless, efficient, effective, and pleasurable
  • Proper nourishment is the most important job for parents of a newborn
  • First two years of life: move from a reflexive feeder to an independent eater with specific preferences for taste and texture

Birth to Six Months

Four primitive reflexes facilitate feeding outside the womb:

  • Suckling: stimulating the infant’s lips will result in suckling, which will be followed by a swallow
  • Rooting: stimulating the area around the infant’s mouth will elicit a head turn in the direction of stimulus
  • Grasping: infant’s fingers will close tightly around a stimulus placed in the palm
  • Gagging: protective reflex that triggers a strong physical reaction to substances entering the laryngeal area

Six to 12 Months

  • Increased trunk support and head control for sitting – transition to solid foods
  • Active biting and chewing – new teeth
  • Shift in position from reclining to upright – more face to face engagement and social interaction
  • 8-9 months: independent sitting – everything goes into the mouth as a way of exploring the world
  • Critical period in the child’s future acceptance of foods


  • Moving to be more independent eater – may no longer wish to be fed by the caregiver
  • Increasingly has the words to express wants
  • By 18 months, get many calories through regular table food (eating with the rest of the family)
  • By 24 months, total mastery of all foods is expected

supported by

PICKY EATERS AND GROW UP CLINIC For Children, Teen and Adult(Klinik Khusus  Sulit Makan dan Gangguan Berat Badan) GRoW UP CLINIC JAKARTAYudhasmara Foundation Inspirasi Orangtua Cerdas, Tumbuhkan Anak Semakin Sehat, Kuat dan Pintar

WORKING TOGETHER SUPPORT TO THE HEALTH OF ALL BY CLINICAL, RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONS. Advancing of the future pediatric and future parenting to optimalized physical, mental and social health and well being for fetal, newborn, infant, children, adolescents and young adult
“GRoW UP CLINIC JAKARTA” For Children, Teen and Adult Focus and Interest on:

Professional Healthcare Provider “GRoW UP CLINIC”

  • Dr Narulita Dewi SpKFR, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation curriculum vitae HP 085777227790 PIN BB 235CF967
  • Dr Widodo Judarwanto, Pediatrician
  • Fisioterapis dan terapi okupasi lainnya

Clinical – Editor in Chief :

Dr WIDODO JUDARWANTO, pediatrician

Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider

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